From ancient testimonies and through valuable writings handed down to the present day, it appears that in ancient times, wine was produced in stone vats and large clay pots, but this created problems during transport because roads were bumpy and these containers were too heavy or fragile. Thus was born the need to build a real container transport, small and medium-sized, with a solid material, lightweight and resistant to small bumps, and it was easier to carry on long journeys transfer of wines.

It is believed that the origins of the barrel even date back to 2700 BC, in fact, in bas-reliefs found in an Egyptian tomb at the time, had already shown the trade of cooper.

The great development and dissemination of the barrel took place thanks to the Celts, the population spread in Central and Western Europe during the first millennium BC. These people possessed of extensive forests, and were skilled carpenters.

Initially the barrels were obtained simply by digging inside parts of a tree trunk, and subsequently appeared that the planks were held together by wooden hoops linked. The first barrels, so constructed, had truncated cone shape and then was not as easy to transport. So was born the idea of ​​creating these vessels, taking the form of "pot-bellied" that we are used to seeing today. Over time, they began to build bigger and bigger barrels, thanks to the introduction of hoop-iron tempered, especially the barrels that were to remain fixed in the cellars as containers for wine making.

At one time, the barrels were built using the wood available on site, so it is natural that they have been tested many different types of trees. From these experiments it was realized that, for the storage of wine, was particularly suitable oak.

In particular, a first distinction to make is between the European or French oak and American oak. In Italy and France, is mainly used on the first, however, much more expensive, in Spain, America and Australia using both. Some of the forests are the most famous in France (Allier, Troncay, Nervers ...). For large barrels Italian tradition often prefers the oak barrels (Bosnia) still quite widespread.